The Republicans were not only the party of Abraham Lincoln, but the party which has always stood for free speech, individual rights and individual choice. It was the Republican Party, which pushed civil rights and passed the first civil rights legislation in 1865 as well as pushed the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the constitution, which effectively outlawed slavery. This was also the party that was at the forefront of the Women’s Suffrage movement, which is in harmony with the establishment of 1972 Title IX legislation. Though most don’t recall it, Dwight Eisenhower followed through on the integration of the armed forces. His nomination for President was seconded by Dr. Helen G. Edmonds, a black professor at Durham's North Carolina College. It was President Eisenhower, a Republican who appointed Earl Warren (previous California Republican Governor) as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court who wrote for the unanimous court in 1954 that separate but equal is a myth, and schools and society should become integrated for all Americans.